Structural autonomy

Networks in populations: The effect of extra-network organizations

Almost every business network exists in the context of a larger population of similar organizations, but research has not produced a clear understanding of how similar firms outside a focal network influence the performance of network members. In this paper, we derive a theoretical distinction between inter- and extra-network firms and demonstrate empirically that the impact of extra-network firms varies inversely with the relationship-specificity of network ties. Abstract and download